Moreton Bay Quandamooka & Catchment: Past, present, and future
This book was generously gifted to The Moreton Bay Foundation by the independent group of scientists, consultants and industry experts who organised and presented the Moreton Bay Quandamooka & Catchment Forum. It is an expansion of the research presented at the Forum and includes the latest updates available at the time of publication.
This book is dedicated to the future stewards of Moreton Bay Quandamooka and the lands and waterways of its catchment.
Moreton Bay Quandamooka and its catchment cover a large area of approximately 23,000 km2 and nurture the lives and livelihoods of millions of people. Burgeoning populations, urbanisation and industrialisation have put various components of this system under substantial pressure. There is some urgency to take a closer look at its current health so, from the 1st to 3rd November 2016 we did just that in the form of the Moreton Bay Quandamooka and Catchment Forum.
The Forum revisited many of the issues addressed at the Moreton Bay & Catchment Conference of 1996 (see the proceedings volume Moreton-Bay-and-Catchment 1998 at https://ian.umces.edu/blog/2014/01/30/moreton-bay-and-catchment/) and brought together people with expertise and a passion for the Bay and the health of the lands and waters in its catchment. From the outset, our position was that this meeting should be a partnership among institutions, entities and individuals. Ideally, it should not only deliver an update of research, but also find a new way forward so that we would not have to wait another 20 years for a broad collaborative opportunity to engage in research, governance and citizen science to foster positive outcomes for the Bay and catchment.
We succeeded with the Forum, in part, due to the kind offers from particularly dedicated individuals to act as leaders of the discipline areas (called Clusters by the organisers) which, with some modifications, later became the basis of the chapters of this volume. They recruited experts and managed the process of putting together a series of presentations designed to cover the latest information available on their topic.
Some 170 attendees from a wide diversity of backgrounds and disciplines signed on, and most got to hear all of the presentations. Chaired by the Cluster Leaders, the first two full days were assigned to a rapid-fire series of ten-minute talks that summarised the current state of knowledge on a wide range of topics, and identified key research, management and legislative priorities. The third day was reserved for a series of synthesis meetings led by Cluster Leaders that drew on the evidence heard during the first two days. Significant moments included an impassioned talk on Respect and Recognition (Mind the Gap) by Darren Burns of the Quandamooka Yoolooburrabee Aboriginal Corporation (QYAC); Andrew Davidson’s very amusing and insightful talk on catchment planning, with his Duggie (dugong) awards, represented as star ratings in his formal paper with Darryl Low Choy in this volume; and Justine Kemp’s sobering analysis of regional pre- vs post-“European” sediment erosion histories. We also learned about a planned development at Toondah Harbour that would violate Moreton Bay’s Ramsar status as a Wetland of International Significance – a designation that is meant to protect habitat for migratory waders (shorebirds) and other wetland values. No doubt others will have their own significant moments, but perhaps the most significant few minutes of the entire forum occurred when John Goodman of the Goodman Foundation pledged $500,000 to establish The Moreton Bay Foundation. A remarkable family who are now likely to have made a singularly important contribution to the well-being of the Bay and its catchment.
The Forum was followed by two years of work led by Ian Tibbetts, Tamara Homburg and the Cluster Leaders, seeking papers from contributors, organising independent peer reviewers, all guided by a dedicated group of volunteer editors. We met in coffee shops, restaurants and offices to thrash out the structure and means of publishing this volume. It has been a process filled with interesting challenges, including how to fund the book’s publication. That issue was resolved with the realisation of The Moreton Bay Foundation (TMBF) and the decision to publish electronically. We expect this first TMBF publication will be quickly followed by others, adding to a compendium of knowledge about the Bay and its attendant systems.
The Moreton Bay Quandamooka and Catchment Forum of 2016 was an important event; both for what it achieved at the time, and what it has sparked since; particularly the establishment of the multi-institutional and independent Moreton Bay Foundation Limited. We are convinced, as are the founding members of TMBF (The Goodman Family Foundation, QYAC, The University of Queensland, Griffith University, and Queensland University of Technology), that we now have a mechanism that will ensure: future partnerships in research and restoration; independent advice to government – a voice for the Bay; and a focus around which to regularly meet to review where we are and what we must do to secure a brighter future for Moreton Bay and its catchment. We have found our new way forward.
Ian R Tibbetts1-3, Peter C Rothlisberg4, David T Neil2, Tamara A Homburg2, David T Brewer4, Angela H Arthington5
1School of Biological Sciences, 2Centre for Marine Science, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Qld 4072. 3The Moreton Bay Foundation Ltd, PO Box 3214, Newstead Qld 4006, Australia. 4CSIRO Oceans & Atmosphere, St Lucia, Qld 4072, Australia. 5Australian Rivers Institute, Griffith University, Nathan, Qld 4111, Australia.
All associated with this volume are grateful for the undinting support of the Board of the Goodman Foundation: John Goodman, Meta Goodman, James Goodman and Faileen James. Without their advice and philanthropic support, The Moreton Bay Quandamooka and Catchment Forum and this book would not have been possible. Further important support for staging the Forum came from The University of Queensland, Faculty of Science, Centre for Marine Science, School of Biological Sciences and the Global Change Institute; Griffith University’s Australian Rivers Institute; Quandamooka Yoolooburrabee Aboriginal Corporation; SeaLife Mooloolaba; and, The Moreton Bay Environmental Education Centre. At the concluding moments of the Moreton Bay Quandamooka and Catchment Forum John Goodman, representing the Goodman Foundation, pledged that their Foundation would support the creation of a Moreton Bay Foundation. In August 2018 and after much detailed planning, this new force for good in the Bay came into existence. We are deeply indebted to the Goodman Foundation whose foresight offers a brighter future for the Bay.
The Editors wish to warmly thank the following Cluster Leaders for their excellent and sustained commitment to the project: Ms Diane Aylward (Education), Dr Sam Capon (History and Change in Moreton Bay), Prof. Rod Connolly (Industry), Dr Justine Kemp (History and Change in Moreton Bay), Ms Jennifer Loder (Citizen Science), Prof. Catherine Lovelock (Habitats, Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function), Prof. Darryl Low Choy (Indigenous Knowledge & Culture), Prof. Stuart Phinn (Water Quality, Land-Use and Land-Cover), Dr David Rissik (Moreton Bay Marine Park), Dr Chris Roelfsema (Citizen Science), and Prof. Helen Ross (Communities and Values).
Thanks also to the invaluable contributions by the following people: Ms Anna Bagshaw (Librarian), Dr Elena Danilova (Librarian, ORCIDs, DOI assignments, Online publishing, Copyright), Ms Colleen Foelz (Copy editing), Ms Narelle Hall (RealEvents Pty Ltd, Forum planning and execution, as well as being co-editor on the 1998 Moreton Bay book), Mr Thomas Joyce (University Copyright lawyer), Dr Jude Keyse (Forum organisation, book structure), Dr Eva Kovacs (Map development and editing), Ms Taylor Maggiacomo (National Geographic, TMBF logo artwork), Dr Beryl Morris (Forum establishment), Ms Jessie Oliver (EndNote support), Ms Laura Rudd (Online documents, DOI assignments, Map development and editing), and Mr Bradley Stock (eBook website platform).
List of hitherto anonymous manuscript reviewers for whose efforts the editors are most grateful.
|Adrian Fisher||UNSW, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences|
|Alison Moore||*UQ, School of Social Science|
|Andrew Olds||USC, School of Science and Engineering|
|Angela Dean||QUT, Institute for Future Environments|
|Armando Apan||USQ, School of Civil Engineering and Surveying|
|Barry Pollock||Sunfish Queensland Inc.|
|Beth Fulton||CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere|
|Catherine Collier||JCU, Centre for Tropical Water and Aquatic Ecosystem Research|
|Daryl McPhee||Bond University, Faculty of Society & Design|
|David Brewer||*CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere|
|David Neil||*UQ, Centre for Marine Science|
|David Rissik||BMT Ltd|
|Douglas Baker||QUT, Faculty of Science and Engineering|
|Frank Coman||CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere|
|Gayle Mayes||USC, Sustainability Research Centre|
|Harry Houridis||Worley Parsons Ltd|
|Jack Coates-Marnane||Griffith University, School of Environment and Science|
|James Udy||*QUT, School of Earth, Environment and Biological Sciences|
|James Webley||Qld Department of Agriculture and Fisheries|
|Jan Packer||UQ, School of Business|
|Jessie Oliver||Australian Citizen Science Association|
|Jodie Mehrtens||Qld Department of Environment and Science|
|Johanna Schliephack||Griffith University, Institute for Tourism|
|John Butcher||*Griffith University, School of Environment and Science|
|Jon Olley||Griffith University, School of Environment and Science|
|Jonathan Staunton-Smith||Qld Department of Agriculture and Fisheries|
|Judith Nissen||Nissen Associates Pty Ltd.|
|Judy O’Neil||University of Maryland, Centre for Environmental Science|
|Julie Dean||UQ, Institute for Social Science Research|
|Karen Arthur||Qld Department of Environment and Energy|
|Kath McMahon||Edith Cowan University, School of Science|
|Katrina Davis||Exeter University, School of Business|
|Kay Dimmock||Southern Cross University, School of Business and Tourism|
|Kerrie Swadling||UTas, Institute for marine and antarctic studies|
|Kerrylee Rogers||University of Woolongong, School of Earth, Atmospheric and Life Sciences|
|Kim Johnston||QUT, School of Business|
|Kurt Derbyshire||Qld Department of Environment and Science|
|Louise Kuchel||UQ, School of Biological Sciences|
|Lydie Couturier||Universite de Bretagne Occidentale|
|Marcus Haward||UTas, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies|
|Maria Beger||University of Leeds, School of Biology|
|Mark Hamann||JCU, Centre for Tropical Water and Aquatic Ecosystem Research|
|Martina Doblin||University of Technology Sydeney, Faculty of Science|
|Mibu Fischer||CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere|
|Michael Bryden||UQ (Emeritus), School of Agriculture and Food Sciences|
|Michael Sievers||Griffith University, School of Environment and Science|
|Mike Ronan||Qld Department of Environment and Science|
|Natalie Jones||UQ, School of Agriculture and Food Sciences|
|Nicola Udy||Qld Parks and Wildlife Service|
|Nigel Preston||*UQ, School of Biological Sciences|
|Paul Maxwell||Healthy Land and Water|
|Peter Corkeron||NOAA Fisheries|
|Peter Driscoll||Queensland Wader Study Group|
|Rick Morton||Port of Brisbane|
|Ro Hill||CSIRO Land and Water|
|Rod Connolly||Griffith University, School of Environment and Science|
|Rod Fensham||UQ, School of Biological Sciences|
|Rodrigo Bustamante||CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere|
|Russ Babcock||CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere|
|Selina Ward||UQ, School of Biological Sciences|
|Stephen Lewis||JCU, Centre for Tropical Water and Aquatic Ecosystem Research|
|Steve Blaber||*CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere|
|Tim Smith||USC, Faculty of Arts, Business and Law|
|Tony Gill||NSW Office of Environment and Heritage|
Abbreviations: ARI, Australian Rivers Institute, Griffith University; CSIRO, Commonwealth Science and Industrial Research Organisation; HLW, Healthy Land and Water; JCU, James Cook University; NSW, New South Wales; NOAA, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; QUT, Queensland University of Technology; UQ, University of Queensland; UNSW, University of New South Wales; USC, University of the Sunshine Coast; USQ, University of Southern Queensland; UTas, University of Tasmania.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Indigenous Knowledge and Culture
- Quandamooka Country: The role of science and knowledge in Traditional Owner-led land and sea management Mibu Fischer1,2, Darren Burns1, Joel Bolzenius1,3Cameron Costello1,Darryl Low Choy1,4
- A custodial ethic: Indigenous values towards water in Moreton Bay and Catchments Breanna Pinner1, Helen Ross2, Natalie Jones2, Sally Babidge3, Sylvie Shaw1,Katherine Witt 2,and David Rissik 4, 5,
Chapter 2 Communities and Values
- Values towards Moreton Bay and catchments Helen Ross1, Natalie Jones1, Katherine Witt2, Breanna Pinner3, Sylvie Shaw3, David Rissik4, 5, James Udy6
- Community knowledge about water and engagement in waterway protection in south east Queensland Angela J Dean1,2, Kelly S Fielding1,2, Fiona Newton3 and Helen Ross4
- Stewardship as a driver for environmental improvement in Moreton Bay Rachael Nasplezes1, Joel Bolzenius1, Apanie Wood1, Ryan Davis1, Paul Maxwell1, David Rissik2,3and Helen Ross4
- Managing the public health paradox: Benefits and risks associated with waterway use Anne Roiko1,2, Sonya Kozak1, Anne Cleary1 and Zoe Murray1
- Education in Quandamooka – A long and evolving tradition Emily Casey1, Timothy Roe1, Ian R. Tibbetts2 and Dianne Aylward1
Chapter 3 History and Change in Moreton Bay
- An environmental history of Moreton Bay hinterlands Justine Kemp, Jon Olley, Samantha Capon
- Historical changes of the lower Brisbane River Jonathan Richards
- Holocene history of Moreton Bay reef habitats Matthew J. Lybolt1, John M Pandolfi2
- Trace metal contamination and distribution in sediments of Moreton Bay: An historical review Guia Morelli1,2, Massimo Gasparon1,3
Chapter 4 Water Quality, Land-Use and Land-Cover
- Moreton Bay and catchment urban expansion and vegetation change Mitch Lyons, Stuart Phinn, Chris Roelfsema
- Water quality in Moreton Bay and its major estuaries: Change over two decades (2000-2018) Emily Saeck1,2, James Udy3,4, Paul Maxwell1,5, Alistair Grinham5, David Moffatt6, Sivakumar Senthikumar1, Danielle Udy7, Tony Weber7
- Wetland and benthic cover changes in Moreton Bay Eva M. Kovacs1 Hannah L. Tibbetts2, Simon Baltais3, Mitch Lyons1, Jennifer Loder4, 5 and Chris Roelfsema1.
- The impact of marine pollutants and marine debris in Moreton Bay Kathy A. Townsend1,2, Christine Baduel3, Vicki Hall4, Jennifer Loder5, Veronica Matthews6, Jochen Mueller3, Rachael Nasplezes7, Qamar Schuyler8, Heidi Taylor9, Jason van de Merwe10, C. Aleander Villa3 and Liesbeth Weijs3, 10
- Projected changes to population, climate, sea-level and ecosystems Megan I. Saunders1,2, Rebecca Runting3, Elin Charles-Edwards2, Jozef Syktus4 and Javier Leon5
Chapter 5 Habitats, Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function
- Primary producers in Moreton Bay: Phytoplankton, benthic microalgae and filamentous cyanobacteria Saeck, Emily1,2, Grinham, Alistair3, Coates Marnane, Jack1, McAlister, Tony4, Burford, Michele*1
- Seagrasses of Moreton Bay Quandamooka: Diversity, ecology and resilience Paul Maxwell1,7, Rod Connolly2, Chris Roelfsema3 Dana Burfeind4,5James Udy6 Kate O’Brien7 Megan Saunders7 Richard Barnes8, Andrew Olds9, Chris Hendersen9, Ben Gilby9
- Mangroves and saltmarshes of Moreton Bay Catherine E. Lovelock1, Arnon Accad2, Ralph M. Dowling2, Norm Duke3, Shing Yip Lee4,5, Mike Ronan6
- Freshwater wetlands of Moreton Bay Quandamooka and catchments: Biodiversity, ecology, threats and management Angela H. Arthington1, Steve J. Mackay1, Mike Ronan2, Cassandra S. James3, Mark J. Kennard1
- Zooplankton of Moreton Bay Sarah Pausina1,2 Jack Greenwood3, Kylie Pitt4, David Rissik5,6, Wayne Rochester2, Jennifer Skerratt7, Julian Uribe-Palomino2 and Anthony J. Richardson2,8
- Coral and micro-benthic assemblages from reef habitats in Moreton Bay John M. Pandolfi1, Matt Lybolt2, Brigitte Sommer3, Roshni Narayan4, Paola Rachello-Dolmen5
- Fishes of Moreton Bay: Ecology, human impacts, and conservation Andrew D. Olds1, Ben L. Gilby1, Rod M. Connolly2, Ian R. Tibbetts3, Christopher J. Henderson1, Tim Stevens2, Sarah K. Thackwray1, and Thomas A. Schlacher1
- Marine turtles in Moreton Bay Colin J. Limpus1, Owen I. Coffee2
- Ecology of the marine mammals of Moreton Bay Janet M Lanyon1, Michael J Noad2, Justin Meager3
- Migratory shorebirds of Moreton Bay Richard Fuller1, David A. Milton2,3†, Peter Rothlisberg2,3, Robert S. Clemens1, Jon Coleman2, Kristy Murray4, Kiran L. Dhanjal-Adams5, David Edwards2, Paul G. Finn2, Greg Skilleter1, Madeleine Stigner1 and Bradley K. Woodworth1
Chapter 6 Citizen Science
- How does citizen science contribute to sustaining Moreton Bay? A discussion of approaches and applications. Jennifer Loder1,2, Chris Roelfsema1,3, Carley Kilpatrick4, Victoria Martin2,5
- Building an understanding of Moreton Bay Marine Park reefs through citizen science Chris Roelfsema1, Jennifer Loder2, 3, Kyra Hay4, Diana Kleine5, Monique Grol5, Eva Kovacs1
- Citizen science photographic identification of marine megafauna populations in the Moreton Bay Marine Park Christine L. Dudgeon1, Carley Kilpatrick1, Asia Armstrong1, Amelia Armstrong1, Mike B. Bennett1, Deborah Bowden1, Anthony J. Richardson2, Kathy A. Townsend3, Elizabeth Hawkins4
Chapter 7 Industry and Planning
- Tourism in the Moreton Bay Region Lisa Ruhanen1, Mark Orams2, Michelle Whitford3
- Aquaculture in Moreton Bay Elizabeth West1, Carol Conacher2, John Dexter3, Peter Lee3, Michael Heidenreich3 and Brian Paterson3
- Fishers and fisheries of Moreton Bay Ruth Thurstan1, Kerrie Fraser2, David Brewer3, Sarah Buckley2, Zena Dinesen2, Tim Skewes4, Tony Courtney5, Barry Pollock6
- Marine transport infrastructure development in Moreton Bay: Dredging, monitoring and future directions Adam Cohen, *1, Daniel Spooner1, Sam Williams2
- Charting a course by the stars: A review of progress towards a comprehensive management plan for Moreton Bay 20 years on Andrew Davidson1, Darryl Low Choy2,3
Chapter 8 Moreton Bay Marine Park
- Managing for the multiple uses and values of Moreton Bay and its catchments Helen Ross1, David Rissik 2,3, Natalie Jones1, Katherine Witt4, Breanna Pinner5, Sylvie Shaw5
- Performance of marine reserves for fish and associated ecological functions in the Moreton Bay Marine Park Ben L. Gilby1, Andrew D. Olds1, David Rissik2,3, Christopher J. Henderson1,4, Rod M. Connolly4, Tim Stevens4 and Thomas A. Schlacher1
- Changes in fish and crab abundance in response to the Moreton Bay Marine Park rezoning Michael Haywood1, Richard Pillans1, Russ Babcock1, Emma Lawrence2, Ross Darnell2, Charis Burridge2, Darren Dennis1, Anthea Donovan1, Sue Cheers1, Robert Pendrey1, and Quinton Dell1
- Non-extractive human use and vessel characteristics on Moreton Bay following marine park zoning Rob Kenyon1, Russ Babcock1, Quinton Dell1, Emma Lawrence2, Christian Moeseneder1 and Mark Tonks1
A Nature Guide to North Stradbroke Island Minjerrinbah
This guidebook provides a comprehensive introduction to the island’s unique wildlife and ecology. Beautifully illustrated with over 700 photographs, the nature guide has been compiled as a community project by members of the Friends of Stradbroke Island, a non-profit community group, dedicated to protecting the island’s unique fragile environment. Many people—FOSI members, bushwalkers, bird watchers, photographers, expert ecologists, island lovers and Traditional Owners—have given freely of their time and expertise to the book.